Urologic oncology will be performed by a urologic oncologist, a registered and specialist medical practitioner, licensed to practice in your country. The urologic oncology procedure entails the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of cancers located within the male and female urinary tract, as well as the male reproductive organs. The organs operated on include the bladder, kidneys and prostate.
In the case of the male patient, the urologic oncologist will be treating the penis and testicles. The oncologist will also be assisting the patient with issues related to proper sexual functioning. All of the cancers related to all of the organs mentioned here have been listed as the ten most common in the country. And it turns out that prostate cancer is most common amongst the men. The oncologist will be treating malignancies related to the urinary tract.
A number of tools and technologies have been developed to help treat the related diseases without having to resort to damaging or removing any healthy tissue. When treating and/or removing cancers, the urologist may also wish to assist the patient in dealing with typical and/or likely side effects. In the treatment of urologic cancers, surgery may be required more often than not. The surgery prescribed will be influenced on the type of cancer diagnosed and the stage at which it is listed.
A range of treatments in the form of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy are usually prescribed. In the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of prostate cancer, prostatectomy or the biopsy may be prescribed. Doing the former will require the removal of the prostate, while in the latter case, only a minor procedure may be required. In this case, a sample of suspected cancer cells will be removed for examination and testing.